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League of Arab States
Headquarters: Cairo - Egypt
The Arab League was established in 1945 by, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Transjordan (Jordan, as of 1950), and Yemen. Countries that later joined are: Algeria (1962), Bahrain (1971), Comoros (1993), Djibouti (1977), Kuwait (1961), Libya (1953), Mauritania (1973), Morocco (1958), Oman (1971), Qatar (1971), Somalia (1974), Southern Yemen (1967), Sudan (1956), Tunisia (1958), and the United Arab Emirates (1971). The Palestine Liberation Organization was admitted in 1976. The Arab League is involved in political, economic, cultural, and social programs designed to promote the interests of member states. The Arab League has served as a forum for member states to coordinate their policy positions and deliberate on matters of common concern, settling some Arab disputes and limiting conflicts such as the Lebanese civil wars of 1958.
The league of Arab States aims to promote the dialogue between Arabic countries and to enhance cooperation in the area of politics, economy, culture and social safety in the Arab world. The Arab League has also fostered cultural exchanges between member states, encouraged youth and sports programs, helped to advance the role of women in Arab societies, and promoted child welfare activities. The main subsidiary bodies of the League of Arab States are the Council, General Secretariat, Secretary-General, Defence and Economic Cooperation Bodies. Other Institutions of the League are the Administrative Tribunal of the Arab League, the Arab Fund for Technical Assistance to African and Arab Countries (AFTAAAC) and the Special Bureau for Boycotting Israel. The League has nearly 15 specialized agencies acting in different issues. Other Related Organizations of the League are the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD), Arab Monetary Fund, Council for Arab Economic Unity and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC).